KARNAK – TEMPLE OF EGYPTIAN GODS
Luxor, could be the most famous tourist city in Egypt. There are so many temples can be seen. One of the biggest is Karnak temple. We came here after traveling from Victoria Falls – the most famous river in Africa: Aswan to Luxor using a ship down the river Nile, Nile Cruize.
While sun burn our head, we got to Karnak Temple. The temple is crowded by foreign tourists, I simply amazed because the size of the buildings, giant pilars and i feels like i’m a very little man.
In front of the gate, we are greeted by a statue of the lion-headed goat. The lion is a symbol of strength, while the goat symbol of purity. Once inside the temple, do not be confused, because it will be a lot of Egyptians who volunteered to be a guide. We may not need a guide, just buy a book for history of Karnak temple.
It is said that the temple of Karnak was built about 2000 years BC. By Seti I, followed by Ramses II, the pharaoh who supposedly during the Prophet Moses. There are about 30 other Pharaohs enhance this temple.
This temple is devoted to the 3 God or gods of ancient Egypt, namely Amun Ra (sun god, king of the Gods), Mut (his wife) and Khons (son of the sun god). In addition, there is also a statue of Ramses II who also revered as a god.
Karnak Temple is very wide, approximately 1.8 km x 800 m, with 134 giant pillars. Wall pillars, full of pictures of the ancient Egyptian language that tells the story of the greatness of Seti I and Ramses II, and the story of the ancient Egyptian gods.
In Egypt, there was a belief that a king could be identified as the god of the sky (Horus), the sun god (Re), or the god of war (Amun). Even when he died, he could be transformed into god Osiris (father of Horus, God of Death) and then transfer the power to his son, the Pharaoh replacement.
Ancient Egyptian beliefs undergone a revolution during Amenhotep III, when prophet Joseph became ruling here. The king, influenced by the beliefs of the Prophet Yusuf, change the trust from polytheism to monotheism. Belief in many gods transformed to believe in one God, the Aten. And the name of the king was changed, from Amenhotep (son of God) into Akhn-Aten (servant of God, Aten).
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