Baikal (Russia) – World’s Oldest, Deepest, Fantastic Lake Ever!
Lake Baikal is the oldest lake in the world that still so natural, it is located in the southern region of Siberia, Russia. Although there are number of other wider surface lakes, the Baikal lake remains the deepest freshwater lake and also has the largest volume of water in the world. It stores 20 percents of all fresh water on Earth
Lake Baikal is an UNESCO World Heritage site and also a famous tourist destination. More than 300,000 foreign tourists visit this place every year. Stunning beaches, crystal clear water is so spectacular, with variety and different types of unique creatures. Rich and special biodiversity in Lake Baikal is one of the ‘treasure’ of this lake. Underwater forests grow in the cold and clean water. Green coral reefs, branching like flowers, provide protection for large number of small water creatures. Thousands of species of plants and animals living in and around the lake, and most of these species can not be found in other place in this world.
Lake Baikal has a length of about 630 kilometers and a width of 80 kilometers, a depth more than 1,600 meters. For five months of the year, Lake Baikal is covered with ice. Towards the end of January, thick ice can reach up to one meter or more. The form of the water surface can be like the lines of a mosaic and if the sun shines then it will looks like glass windows. Some people ever aboard across the middle of Lake Baikal and they were surprised because the water is very crystal-clear so that they can see clearly to a depth of 50 meters
Lake Baikal is famous for its “omul” fish, a delicious white fish which are highly sought after by fishermen. The lake also interesting because golomyanka, an unique fish found only in Baikal. Golomyanka has small body that half clear with sparkling colors. These fish live near the bottom of the lake and reproduce by giving birth a child. 30 percents of it’s body contains fat and rich in vitamin A, It can withstand in high pressure at depths between 200 to 450 meters, but when exposed to sunlight, their body melts, only bones and fat left. Golomyanka is a favorite food for Lake Baikal “Nerpa”, or Baikal seals. This is the only type of seals which live in fresh water. Nerpa have very large eyes, lying close together in a flat face, and it is the world’s smallest seal. Besides Fish Omul and Nerpa, the visitors of the lake Baikal also able to see families of bears move to the edge of Baikal Lake for foods.
Amazing Scenery of Lake Baikal, Russia
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